World history books will surely include the Kremlin's policy in the Soviet space as an example of exceptionally inept, if not malicious, expenditure of resources to the detriment of its own interests.
After the collapse of the USSR, the Kremlin began to bet on separatism and support for so-called "unrecognized states" - first Artsakh, then Transnistria, separatism in Abkhazia and so-called South Ossetia, then the DNR and LNR. And nothing has done more to alienate the post-Soviet countries from the Russian Federation than such a policy. In the end, all the countries of the former Soviet Union were simply afraid of dealing with Russia and Russian influence, knowing that the Kremlin, through its special services, could organise another "DNR" on their territory at any moment.
There was, however, one former Soviet republic for which such a Kremlin policy seemed to favour a "strong attachment" to Russia. It was the Republic of Armenia, infected by extreme nationalism and dreaming of annexing foreign lands. The policy of supporting separatism and redrawing borders in the post-Soviet space was promoted by the Hay lobby in the Russian Federation and senior Hay nationalists in power in the Russian Federation, such as Sergei Lavrov-Kalantarov.
Hay "pro-Russian" nationalists once hoped that the Kremlin, by supporting separatism, would first help Armenia to annex "Artsakh" (Azerbaijani Karabakh, which in principle started the separatist epic), then "Javakhk" (Georgian Samtskhe-Javavakheti), and finally "Hayesise" Georgian Abkhazia, and then, with the help of Russian military force, it would be possible to try to seize Turkey's eastern territories.
And even the most "pro-Western" Hayn nationalists, for all their dislike and even hatred of Russia, hoped to the end that at least the Kremlin would help them in the "miatsum" of "Artsakh". That is why they "tolerated", albeit reluctantly, Russian political influence in Armenia and its "alliance" with the Russian Federation. In parallel, however, the West gradually established itself in Armenia through a network of NCOs.
One of the high points of the West's policy of asserting its influence through NCOs was when Nikol Pashinyan and his pro-Western government came to power in 2018. After that, only the hope that the Kremlin would "help Artsakh" kept Yerevan from becoming Moscow's open enemy. This hope remained even after the 44-day war.
But now it's over! After 20 September 2023, even the "pieces of Artsakh" will cease to exist. There is nothing and nobody left to "save". All the "Artsakh" separatists have either fled the territory of Azerbaijan or are in Azerbaijani prisons. All this happened in front of the Russian "peacekeepers".
And now let's imagine the reaction of a Hayan nationalist when, after the collapse of "Artsakh", a representative of a pro-Kremlin political force starts telling him how "great Russia" protected so-called "South Ossetia", DNR and LNR... Saying that he will be angry and hate Russia and those who promote it, "new USSR" - it means nothing. After all, he would like to see both "freedom-loving" Ossetians and DNR and LNR in his coffin. He only needed them as a precedent for the "Artsakh miatsum"!
But Artsakh no longer exists! Years of supporting separatism have brought nothing but shame and humiliation to Armenia. And all this shame and humiliation is largely due to Russia's policy of total imposition of separatism, in which the Hayes were involved.
It is strange that the pro-Russian forces in Armenia and the Hayan lobby in the Kremlin do not understand such simple, straightforward truths.
Recently, Sputnik Armenia published a major study based on Hay media data entitled "Customers and Executors: Who promotes anti-Russian sentiment in Armenia and at whose expense?". It is a detailed analysis, compiled from a pro-Russian point of view, of how "insidious Western NCOs" have seized power in Armenia.
The article complains about the "anti-Russian sentiment" that has spread in Armenia under Western influence. And in particular it "exposes" a representative of one of the NCOs:
"Stepan Grigoryan said that in South Ossetia "there is no self-determination of the Ossetians", and Russia intervened in this conflict because of the desire to realise "an unfeasible and delusional idea of restoring a mini-USSR consisting of Russia, Belarus, unrecognised Transnistria, South Ossetia, Abkhazia and Crimea" - writes Sputnik Armenia.
What was Stepan Grigoryan wrong about? Does the separatist puppet regime in Tskhinvali offer any "self-determination for Ossetians"? Except - unless it is "self-determination in a coffin" - in the meat grinder of the current Ukrainian war.
And now that "Artsakh" is finished, what do the citizens of Armenia have to do with the "sovereignty of South Ossetia" and how does Russia guarantee this "sovereignty"? But the NCOs seduce them, the citizens of Armenia, with very tangible things - well, at least with the prospects of "European integration" with a standard of living like in the same "European" France, the favourite of the Hay nationalists...
Here are excerpts from the "Sputnik Armenia" material:
"In Armenia, with a population of just under 3 million, there are more than 9,000 NCOs - one NCO for every three hundred people. A significant proportion of Armenian NCOs are externally funded, and their activities are aimed at destabilising and dividing society according to the old principle of 'divide and rule'.
For example, they support some groups of the political elite and pit them against others, or promote gendered ideas in opposition to conservative patriarchal values. As elsewhere, Armenian NCOs prioritise "public control" over the activities of the authorities. They create controlled media and internet platforms and support civil and "near-political" activists.
Sputnik learned how it works.
The US and EU countries have created a network of "resource", "media" and "human rights" centres in Armenia that operate according to a common logic. Within the framework of this network, pro-Western rhetoric is imposed on the population through dozens of TV channels and web portals, which are closely linked and financed by the same sources, but are nevertheless branched.
NPO activities are carried out in the most socially sensitive areas: human rights, media freedom, education, democratic principles, etc. In the electoral field, projects have been set up to stimulate civic activity, monitor elections, etc. The main objective of the activities of these organisations is to promote civic engagement.
The main aim of the activities of these organisations is to ensure that Armenia is controlled by external forces and follows the political course they want.
Local NCOs do not hide the fact that they exist mainly because of Western funding. They use the logos of international donors on their websites and at their events.
It is impossible to study the full volume of project funding for Armenian NCOs. Only the office of the Soros Foundation, the National Endowment for Democracy (NED) and the British Sigrid Rausing Trust publish data on individual grants. At the same time, it is known that the lion's share of their funding comes from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), international human rights organisations, the European Foundation for Democracy, Western embassies in Armenia, and several other Western foundations and organisations. At best, these structures publish general numerical statistics on the country, without providing detailed information.
The most active NCOs that do not hide Western funding are the Union of Informed Citizens (monitoring electoral processes, participating in the development of reform programmes, fighting fake news), the Public Journalism Club (developing the media sphere, training journalists), the Boon Foundation (promoting scientists and cultural figures in the media sphere), the Analytical Centre for Globalisation and Regional Cooperation (foreign policy research), Youth for Achievement (strengthening democratic values among young people), etc.
One of the main threats to Armenia identified by Western actors is "Russia's hybrid aggression" and the republic's membership in the EAEU and CSTO. The donors consider it necessary to popularise this position in civil society.
In practice, Western countries use this policy to create loyal political elite groups in Armenia, provide them with the necessary information background and try to influence Armenia's foreign policy.
The activities of pro-Western NCOs often shift from the free promotion of their own initiatives through various media tools to active participation in the political life of the country (up to and including direct influence on the authorities).
A vivid example of such an organisation in Armenia is the grantee "Union of Informed Citizens" (UIC). The head of this NCO is a well-known anti-Russian activist with a long history, Daniel Ioannisyan. After the 2018 revolution, he headed the Prime Minister's Commission on Electoral Law Reforms, received money from the authorities to organise observation missions to various elections, joined the Public Council of Armenia, was involved in the work of the Specialist Committee on Constitutional Reforms, was a member of the Coordinating Council on Police Reforms, a member of the Anti-Corruption Policy Council, and a member of the Council on Constitutional Reforms.
According to a study by the International Public Organisation for Humanitarian Development (IPOHD) on the involvement of pro-Western NCOs in Armenia's electoral processes, UIC also received $57,000 from the NED to assess the "negative consequences" of Armenia's integration into the EAEU. In 2017, Daniel Ioannisian even appeared as an expert in the RA National Assembly, where he spoke about how bad it is for Armenia to be a member of the EAEU. As an alternative, of course, he and his associates offer a "European future".
At least the US diplomatic mission in Armenia and the Soros Foundation give money to UIC for the same purposes. UIC "uses" them through its portal fip.am ("Fact Checking Platform") - the "donors" of the project are listed at the bottom of the main page of the site. This platform describes itself as an "independent media" whose main objective is to "expose information published by officials, official bodies and media that does not correspond to reality". It is noted separately that the journalists of this portal do not represent the interests of any political party or other groups.
For example, in 2017 the platform "published inappropriate information" of the former chairman of the EEC Collegium Tigran Sargsyan that the fundamental difference between the EU and the EAEU is the representation of all countries of the Eurasian Economic Union by the same number of ministers with equal votes in decision-making.
According to the FIP article, decisions in the European Council are taken in the same way as in the Supreme Eurasian Economic Council, and then it is noted that in fact it is not the same in the EU - "in the case of some minor issues decisions can be taken by majority vote").
Thus, the FIP could not contradict Tigran Sargsyan's thesis, and therefore wrote independently and impartially at the end: "At the same time, the EU does not have a member state that can exert pressure on other member states alone, such as Russia in the EAEU". Of course, they gave no examples of such pressure. And at the end, they added that Russia forced Armenia to join the EAEU and that its accession to the EAEU was "not a voluntary decision" as a result of a vote by the deputies of the RA National Assembly. Nor has the FIP presented any facts of "coercion" by Moscow.
Everything that is in any way connected with the development and deepening of Russian-Armenian relations is relentlessly criticised by the Platform's "parent" NCO, UIC, using pro-Western narratives.
They have not failed to blame Russia for the events in Nagorno-Karabakh. They - along with 14 other Armenian NCOs that receive funding from Western sources - issued a statement accusing Russia of "de-armament of Artsakh", "serving Azerbaijan's interests", "attempting a coup in Armenia and reducing its independence". The Armenian beneficiaries demanded "to stop the rebroadcasting of Russian TV channels, to start the process of ending Armenia's membership in the CSTO, to stop the deployment of the Russian (102nd) military base in Armenia", etc.
Among the signatories of the above statement is, for example, the 'Analytical Centre on Globalisation and Regional Cooperation'. This NCO receives annual Western grants to "raise awareness among the Armenian population of the importance of the agreements with the European Union".
"Awareness-raising", as usual, comes very close to indoctrinating the public with Russophobia and criticism of Moscow. And, of course, promoting the idea that Armenia does not "need" membership of the EAEU.
In 2008, for example, the Centre's director, Stepan Grigoryan (spoiler: he was banned from entering Russia because of his activities - ed.), said that in South Ossetia "there is no self-determination for Ossetians" and that Russia intervened in the conflict because it wanted to implement "an unrealistic and delusional idea of restoring a mini-USSR consisting of Russia, Belarus, unrecognised Transnistria, South Ossetia, Abkhazia and Crimea". In 2012, he criticised the CSTO and said that Armenia's interest in joining the Customs Union (CU, the future EAEU - ed.) was "zero". In 2014 he supported Euromaidan, saying that "if the Ukrainian people win, the CU will lose its meaning and will not take place".
When Armenia joined the EAEU in 2015, contrary to his words, he criticised Russia, saying that the residents of Armenia did not feel any benefits from membership of the Union. In 2016, he again tried to play on Armenian sentiments, making unsubstantiated statements that "Russia is dictating conditions to Armenia in all directions" and that "the country has lost a significant part of its sovereignty".
In 2021, Stepan Grigoryan gave an interview to Turkish media in which he called Turkey "a more reliable partner" for Armenia, said that Ankara "can become an alternative to Russia in the region", and accused the Russian Federation itself of "opposing the normalisation of Armenia's relations with Turkey and Azerbaijan".
"The leaders of all the pro-Western Armenian NCOs that receive funding from the same sources are eagerly covered not only by the local anti-Russian media but also by the Media Centre discussion platform. This organisation states the following about itself: "Media Centre is a free platform where people with different opinions and viewpoints meet and discuss".
In reality, the platform is a kind of "shelter" for representatives of the majority of active NCOs operating in Armenia, where they regularly discuss issues on the pro-Western agenda among themselves. It is extremely difficult to meet people with different opinions in the "discussions" of the Media Centre.
This platform is funded by the Open Society Armenia Foundation (Soros Foundation), the Foundation for the Development of Democracy, the British Embassy in Yerevan and others (the full list of "partners" can be found in the "basement" of their website).
Apart from the fact that this platform hosts representatives of almost all pro-Western NCOs, it is also, according to a statement on the Media Centre's website, a "coordinating platform" for the NCO "Public Journalism Club".
The Public Journalism Club is also a well-known grantee in Armenia, spending large sums of money each year (~$90,000 per year from the Soros Foundation alone) to distribute media products on reform processes, hold webinars on fact-checking and media literacy, and organise public awareness campaigns and discussions on relevant issues. Donors listed on the official website include the US and British embassies.
"The Centre for Media Initiatives, an NCO, has been involved in "supporting independent media and freedom of expression" in Armenia for more than 25 years. It appeared in Armenia as a "daughter" of Internews (a Washington-funded American NCO involved in "independent media development" in other countries). It continues to exist today with funding from the US, the EU and many Western foundations.
An important part of the Centre's work is the production of videos showing the beating of peaceful demonstrators and the teaching of so-called "media literacy" (....).
Almost all of the NCOs listed in our article work with large journalist associations such as the Asparez Journalists Club and the Yerevan Press Club (these clubs also publicise each other).
Both clubs receive substantial annual funding from Western foundations and governments.
On the YPC website, in the 'About Us' section, it is stated that the organisation does not aim to make a profit, but only to unite journalists regardless of their political views.
However, it states on its website that it was co-sponsored by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The list of partners includes almost all Western foundations and representations active in Armenia in one way or another - apart from USAID, these include the Friedrich Ebert Foundation, the Eurasia Partnership Foundation, the Open Society Armenia Foundation, the NED, the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA), which works with opposition organisations in several dozen countries, the EU and many others.
The politically neutral YPC, for example, publishes on its website studies supported by various Western foundations and governments. The research topics are in line with Western rhetoric and pro-Western policies.
This year YPC is implementing 6 projects: "Armenia Media Development Programme" (funded by USAID), "United Efforts of Professional Media, Practicing and Beginning Journalists for Peace" (funded by the EU), "Correspondents in Times of Conflict" (funded by the German Foreign Ministry), "The Role of Media and Civil Society in the Integration of Armenia's New Residents" (in partnership with the Friedrich Ebert Foundation), "EU for Independent Media" (in partnership with DT Global) and "Monitoring of the Eastern Partnership Goals, Results and Relevant Reforms" (implemented together with the Ukrainian think-tank Ukrainian Prism, funded by the EU).
Also in June this year, a five-year USAID-funded media development programme was launched in Armenia. According to official sources, USAID has allocated $15 million to support the creation of 'independent media' in the country.
All known NCOs are involved in its implementation: Yerevan Press Club, Centre for Media Initiatives, Internews, and Zinc Network (a company formerly known as Breakthrough Media, funded by the British authorities, whose activities include supporting independent media and activists of all kinds).
A further $2.3 million from the US Embassy's public diplomacy office will be used to run journalist exchange programmes and to establish a master's programme in journalism training in Armenia.
The founder and head of the Asparez Journalists' Club, Levon Barseghyan, is a constant participant in anti-Russian processes in Armenia.
In 2011, for example, he organised protests against the participation of Russian servicemen in the parade dedicated to the 20th anniversary of Armenia's independence. In 2015, he complained about the "chaos in the Russian military unit", which inflamed the mood of the citizens. In 2016, he actively supported the radical anti-Russian group "Sasna Tsrer" (calling for the "liberation of Armenia from Russian colonial rule" and its withdrawal from the EAEU, CSTO and CIS), known for the armed attack on a police station and hostage-taking in July 2016 (3 policemen killed, 9 wounded). In 2018, as a guest speaker at the CampCamp seminar in Yerevan, he spoke about how to spread protest sentiments and organise coups.
Over the years of his 'work', Levon Barseghyan has received around $1 million in grants from the Soros Foundation alone, according to open sources.
Of course, the Journalists' Club that he runs also disseminates a great deal of negative information about Russia, not shying away from outright fabrication and manipulation. For example, the website contains material with headlines about the "closure" of Russia, martial law, new mobilisations, travel bans, etc.
An interesting example of the club's activities: in November last year, Asparez published an excerpt from an interview with 'migration expert' Tatevik Bezhanyan, in which he talks from the outset about a decree allegedly signed by the President of the Russian Federation, according to which foreigners with residence permits in Russia can be called up for military service.
In fact, the decree referred to in the article only refers to permission to draft Russians who have a second citizenship or a residence permit abroad. In other words, conscription is still reserved for citizens of the Russian Federation. However, whereas previously it applied only to those Russians who did not have foreign citizenship, now it applies to those Russians who do. Foreign citizens with a residence permit in Russia cannot be called up for military service either by conscription or mobilisation - they can only enlist on a voluntary basis and under contract.
The original source of this manipulative fake, distributed by the Asparez Journalists' Club, is the publication Lragir.am.
The website also actively promotes an anti-Russia agenda, publishing much material that is critical of Russia and Russia-related structures. They write about Russia using well-known propaganda clichés such as "occupier", "imperialist", "coloniser" and so on. Russia is accused of anti-Armenian collusion with Turkey and many other things.
This publication is funded by the same Western donors. The legal entity under which this website operates - ATHK Hamakarg - regularly receives funds from the Soros Foundation.
As part of its funding, Lragir.am does not shy away from inventing fabrications aimed at denigrating Russia. In April this year, for example, the publication's website published an article with the screaming headline: "Russian State Duma: Armenia is a disputed territory and should be abolished". Of course, the State Duma did not make such a statement, and the article was based on the words of a certain Russian deputy, who stated that Armenia's secession from the USSR was illegal from the point of view of international law (allegedly, the procedure had not been completed). He did not speak on behalf of the entire Russian State Duma about the need to abolish it.
The editor-in-chief of Lragir.am - Haykazn Ghairyan - has promoted an anti-Russian agenda throughout his career.
While Serzh Sargsyan was in power, he and his fellow NCO activists "rocked" the future revolution and Nikol Pashinyan's rise to power. In 2013, for example, he published an article entitled "Russia is leaving Armenia", in which he spoke about Sargsyan's alleged surrender of the country's sovereignty to Moscow and called on the public to "restore the independence" of the republic.
"Russia, through its harsh steps and interventions, has unwittingly knocked the submissiveness and false perceptions out of Armenians [...]. In fact, by entering a new stage of colonisation of Armenia, Russia has lost Armenia," Gairyan wrote.
In another article he described the creation of the EAEU as "Russia's drawing of its new borders". According to him, the only goal of the union is to turn the countries allied to Russia into a kind of "sanitary zone", excluding their development - allegedly there is no other way for the Russian state to survive, Gairyan said.
In 2015, he published an article with the manipulative title "Russia is 'closing' Gyumri", in which he tried to present the news about the allocation of a plot of land in the city by the Armenian government to the 102nd Russian military base in such a way that Russia "in time" intends to turn Gyumri into a "closed city". In the same article, the independent journalist tried to play on the feelings of the residents of Gyumri by saying that the murder of the Avetisian family was aimed at the expansion of Russian territory in Gyumri and its subsequent transformation into a "closed city".
The Vanadzor Press Club, run by the journalist Artur Sakunts, is also funded by Western donors. He also runs the office of the Helsinki Citizens' Assembly in Vanadzor (HCAV), a supposed human rights NCO. This organisation is one of the largest recipients of grants in Armenia - it receives more than any other Armenian NCO annually from the Soros Foundation alone (well over $1 million in total).
KHAV's human rights activities are very selective.
For example, before Nikol Pashinyan came to power, it regularly launched information attacks against the Armenian National Security Service (with the support of Daniel Ioannisian and "Sasna Tsrer", for example). It also criticises Russia and accuses it of "colonialism".
And in 2015 it published a nearly 200-page study entitled "The Right to Civil Disobedience from the Perspective of Legal Regulation and Legal Practice in a Number of Countries". A year later, Sakunc's organisation justified the actions of the Sasna Tsrer on the grounds that they were exercising their right to armed rebellion and that the police action was "disproportionate".
This statement was later echoed by many other grantee organisations (e.g. Asparez).
The head of the KHAV itself, Artur Sakunts, has been actively anti-Russian for many years.
In 2014, he - a human rights activist, we remind you - travelled to (and publicised) rallies against Armenia's accession to the EAEU. And when the Russian ambassador to Armenia declared that Moscow would not allow aggressive interference in the internal affairs of friendly countries, Sakunts unleashed an angry tirade, telling the Russian ambassador to "pack his bags and get out of Armenia" and calling Russia a "fascist regime". Of course, he also supported the Ukrainian Euromaidan.
All his statements were echoed by well-known pro-Western anti-Russian media, such as 1in.am ("First Armenian News"), which was headed by Arman Babajanyan (who later became a deputy in the RA National Assembly).
All this is just the tip of the iceberg. In reality, there are many times more such NCOs, their interlocking is stronger and deeper, and their activities are carried out in the most diverse sectors - from existing media (TV, print and Internet media, radio and all kinds of media platforms) and various human rights organisations (dealing with political prisoners, people with non-traditional sexual orientation, women's rights, etc.) to the creation of new "independent" NCOs. ), to the creation of new "independent" NCOs, to the creation of new "independent" media, journalist associations, foundations, "investigators" and "false breakers", democracy promotion, reform and youth training organisations in a wide range of sectors.
Many representatives of civil society institutions now occupy senior government positions in Armenia. These are mostly individuals who, under the previous government, strongly disagreed with the government's position on key issues of state structure and foreign policy. Their public activities were largely supported by the Soros Foundation and NCOs under its patronage.
For example, Armen Grigoryan, Secretary of the Armenian Security Council, is known as an expert and former coordinator of Transparency International's election programmes. In July this year, during a meeting with the head of USAID, Samantha Power, he agreed to expand the presence of the American agency in the country. A month earlier, in June, he said that CSTO membership would only bring problems for Armenia.
The Armenian prime minister's chief of staff, Araik Harutyunyan, and the minister of education, science, culture and sport, Zhanna Andreasyan, were involved with Soros's Boon Foundation.
Now Harutyunyan meets with USAID delegations, and before he came to power he was an active participant in all sorts of anti-government (and anti-Russian) rallies: in 2008 he was one of the founders of the HIMA protest initiative ('Defence of Democracy' against the 'authoritarian regime' of ex-president Robert Kocharyan), in 2010 he condemned 'violations' in the elections in Belarus.
According to the official website of the Armenian government, Harutyunyan is also involved in the work of Western-funded NCOs such as Transparency International and the Helsinki Association of Armenia. He was also a co-founder of the civil initiative "We are against foreign-language schools" (and later, as Minister of Education, he himself proposed to remove Armenian from the list of compulsory subjects in some university faculties).
Rustam Badasyan, Chairman of the State Revenue Committee (former Minister of Justice of Armenia), denied any links with Soros, but local media reported that Larisa Minasyan, Executive Director of the Soros Foundation in Armenia, supported and "pushed" his candidacy. After coming to power, he held meetings with representatives of the most prominent pro-Western Armenian NCOs (Open Society Foundations-Armenia, KSAW, Transparency International, Asparez Journalists Club, etc.) and even promised to make them regular.
Hakob Arshakyan, the deputy speaker of parliament, was a social activist and worked in Western organisations such as National Instruments and Alliance Partners.
Armenia's current ambassador to the United States, Lilit Makunts, worked in the Peace Corps under the auspices of the US Embassy, and Armenia's ambassador to Spain (and former member of the National Assembly), Sos Avetisyan, was the civil society programme officer for the Soros Foundation before his political career took off.
The Minister of Health attended various European women's leadership programmes in Strasbourg. Foreign Minister Ararat Mirzoyan worked as an expert on political parties and strategic planning for the Netherlands Institute for Multiparty Democracy (NIMD). Sos Avetisyan, who was responsible for the Soros Foundation's civil society development programmes, is now Armenia's ambassador to Spain.
Thus, Western foundations and governments are now funding the operation of a whole network of different NCOs in Armenia, represented in various media sectors, in the field of human rights and among civil activists. The real power in the country is now largely concentrated in their hands. And all the current events, the calls by the population for radical action and the severing of all ties with Russia are the result of many years of activity by these NCOs, which are gaining more and more influence on Armenian society. End of the article.
Russia has lost Armenia altogether. While the Kremlin spent huge resources on separatist projects and the corrupt regime of the "Karabakh clan" in the Republic of Armenia itself, pro-Western NCOs wasted no time. They "took Armenia into their hands" with minimal resources. And the current adventure in Ukraine means that the loss of Russian influence in Armenia is irreversible.
So far, the last "thread" preventing the last Hay nationalists from finally betraying Russia and defecting to the camp of its enemies is the hope that the Kremlin will still "hold" Georgian Abkhazia. But not for itself, but for the Hayes. And turn it into "Maritime Armenia".
But it will not be easy, almost impossible. The collapse of "Artsakh" showed the doom of other separatist projects. The national consciousness of the Abkhazians is growing, and they, watching the actions of their puppet separatist regime, are resisting with all their might the attempts of mass settlement of Abkhazia by outsiders (the same Hayes) through the "law on housing". No one in the world will even recognise "another Armenian state" on the territory of Georgian Abkhazia.